Create Directories or Files Named With Current Date/Time/Month/Year
Have you ever wanted to create a directory or file and name it the current date/time/month/year from command line in Linux? This brief tutorial will teach you how to create a directory or file with current timestamp in the name. Here is simple step by step guide to you.
Create Directories Or Files Named With Current Date / Time / Month / Year:
To create a directory and name it the current date,simply run
$ mkdir "$(date +"%d-%m-%Y")"
$mkdir $(date +"%d-%m-%Y")
This command will create directory and name it the today's date in dd:mm:yyyy format.
To switch into this directory,simply replace "mkdir" with "cd" command like below.
$ cd "$( date +"%d-%m-%Y")"
Similarly, to create a file named with current date,time,month,year,simply replace "mkdir" with "touch" command:
$ touch "$(date +"%d-%m-%y")"
What about a custom name for the directory or file with date/time/month/year? It is also possible.
$ mkdir doceeo.com-$(date +"%d-%m-%Y")
This command will create a directory name "doceeo.com-date-month-year".
To create a file with custom name:
$ touch doceeo.com-$(date +"%d-%m-%Y")
Create directories of files with ISO format
If you want to use ISO date format(e.g.2020-06-06) and ls will list them in date order run:
$ mkdir $(date -I)
$ mkdir $(date +%F)
$ mkdir $(date +"%Y-%m-%d")
All of the above three commands will produce the same result.
To create files,just replace mkdir with "touch" command.
If you want only day of the current date,use:
$ mkdir "$(date +%d)"
This command will only create the directory with current day in the name. i.e.date.
Similarly,you can create directories with current month-only in the name:
$ mkdir "$(date +%m)"
$ mkdir "$(Date +%y)"
This command will name the directories with the last two digits of current year i.e. year 20.
If you want the whole year (2020) in the name , use Y (capital Y).
$ mkdir "$(date +%Y)"
How about directories name with current time? It is also possible.
$ mkdir "$(date +%r)"
This command will create a folder and name it with current tile in hh:mm:ss format.
'06:21:52 PM IST'
We can even create directories with current minutes and seconds in the name.For example, the following command will create a directories and name it.with current second.
$ mkdir "$(date +%s)"
Here, S is capital.
To name directory with current minutes, use capital M:
$ mkdir "$(date +%M)"
In all of the above example,we created the directories with numbers on their names. What if you want to name the directories with actual name of the current day/month like Sunday,October etc? It's simple!
$ mkdir "$(date +%A)"
The above command will create a directory named“Sunday”i.e today’s name.
To create a directory with name of current month (i.e June), run:
$ mkdir "$(date +%B)"
Here is the list of supported operators .
%a locale's abbreviated weekday name (e.g., Sun) %A locale's full weekday name (e.g., Sunday) %b locale's abbreviated month name (e.g., Jan) %B locale's full month name (e.g., January) %c locale's date and time (e.g., Thu Mar 3 23:05:25 2005) %C century; like %Y, except omit last two digits (e.g., 20) %d day of month (e.g., 01) %D date; same as %m/%d/%y %e day of month, space padded; same as %_d %F full date; same as %Y-%m-%d %g last two digits of year of ISO week number (see %G) %G year of ISO week number (see %V); normally useful only with %V %h same as %b %H hour (00..23) %I hour (01..12) %j day of year (001..366) %k hour, space padded ( 0..23); same as %_H %l hour, space padded ( 1..12); same as %_I %m month (01..12) %M minute (00..59) %n a newline %N nanoseconds (000000000..999999999) %p locale's equivalent of either AM or PM; blank if not known %P like %p, but lower case %q quarter of year (1..4) %r locale's 12-hour clock time (e.g., 11:11:04 PM) %R 24-hour hour and minute; same as %H:%M %s seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC %S second (00..60) %t a tab %T time; same as %H:%M:%S %u day of week (1..7); 1 is Monday %U week number of year, with Sunday as first day of week (00..53) %V ISO week number, with Monday as first day of week (01..53) %w day of week (0..6); 0 is Sunday %W week number of year, with Monday as first day of week (00..53) %x locale's date representation (e.g., 12/31/99) %X locale's time representation (e.g., 23:13:48) %y last two digits of year (00..99) %Y year %z +hhmm numeric time zone (e.g., -0400) %:z +hh:mm numeric time zone (e.g., -04:00) %::z +hh:mm:ss numeric time zone (e.g., -04:00:00) %:::z numeric time zone with : to necessary precision (e.g., -04, +05:30) %Z alphabetic time zone abbreviation (e.g., EDT)
For more details, refer man pages.
$ man date
$ man mkdir
$ man touch