• Rutvik Hajare

Create Directories or Files Named With Current Date/Time/Month/Year


Have you ever wanted to create a directory or file and name it the current date/time/month/year from command line in Linux? This brief tutorial will teach you how to create a directory or file with current timestamp in the name. Here is simple step by step guide to you.


Create Directories Or Files Named With Current Date / Time / Month / Year:


To create a directory and name it the current date,simply run


$ mkdir "$(date +"%d-%m-%Y")"

Or,


$mkdir $(date +"%d-%m-%Y")

This command will create directory and name it the today's date in dd:mm:yyyy format.


Sample output:


06-06-2020

To switch into this directory,simply replace "mkdir" with "cd" command like below.


$ cd "$( date +"%d-%m-%Y")"

Similarly, to create a file named with current date,time,month,year,simply replace "mkdir" with "touch" command:


$ touch "$(date +"%d-%m-%y")"

What about a custom name for the directory or file with date/time/month/year? It is also possible.


$ mkdir doceeo.com-$(date +"%d-%m-%Y")

This command will create a directory name "doceeo.com-date-month-year".




To create a file with custom name:


$ touch doceeo.com-$(date +"%d-%m-%Y")

Create directories of files with ISO format

If you want to use ISO date format(e.g.2020-06-06) and ls will list them in date order run:


$ mkdir $(date -I)

Or,


$ mkdir $(date +%F)

Or,


$ mkdir $(date +"%Y-%m-%d")

All of the above three commands will produce the same result.

To create files,just replace mkdir with "touch" command.


More examples


If you want only day of the current date,use:



$ mkdir "$(date +%d)"

This command will only create the directory with current day in the name. i.e.date.

Similarly,you can create directories with current month-only in the name:


$ mkdir "$(date +%m)"

Year-only:


$ mkdir "$(Date +%y)"

This command will name the directories with the last two digits of current year i.e. year 20.

If you want the whole year (2020) in the name , use Y (capital Y).


$ mkdir "$(date +%Y)"

How about directories name with current time? It is also possible.


$ mkdir "$(date +%r)"

This command will create a folder and name it with current tile in hh:mm:ss format.

Sample output:


'06:21:52 PM IST'

We can even create directories with current minutes and seconds in the name.For example, the following command will create a directories and name it.with current second.


$ mkdir "$(date +%s)"

Here, S is capital.

To name directory with current minutes, use capital M:


$ mkdir "$(date +%M)"

In all of the above example,we created the directories with numbers on their names. What if you want to name the directories with actual name of the current day/month like Sunday,October etc? It's simple!


$ mkdir "$(date +%A)"

The above command will create a directory named“Sunday”i.e today’s name.




To create a directory with name of current month (i.e June), run:


$ mkdir "$(date +%B)"

Here is the list of supported operators .


%a     locale's abbreviated weekday name (e.g., Sun)

%A     locale's full weekday name (e.g., Sunday)

%b     locale's abbreviated month name (e.g., Jan)

%B     locale's full month name (e.g., January)

%c     locale's date and time (e.g., Thu Mar  3 23:05:25 2005)

%C     century; like %Y, except omit last two digits (e.g., 20)

%d     day of month (e.g., 01)

%D     date; same as %m/%d/%y

%e     day of month, space padded; same as %_d

%F     full date; same as %Y-%m-%d

%g     last two digits of year of ISO week number (see %G)

%G     year of ISO week number (see %V); normally useful only with %V

%h     same as %b

%H     hour (00..23)

%I     hour (01..12)

%j     day of year (001..366)

%k     hour, space padded ( 0..23); same as %_H

%l     hour, space padded ( 1..12); same as %_I

%m     month (01..12)

%M     minute (00..59)

%n     a newline

%N     nanoseconds (000000000..999999999)

%p     locale's equivalent of either AM or PM; blank if not known

%P     like %p, but lower case

%q     quarter of year (1..4)

%r     locale's 12-hour clock time (e.g., 11:11:04 PM)

%R     24-hour hour and minute; same as %H:%M

%s     seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC

%S     second (00..60)

%t     a tab

%T     time; same as %H:%M:%S

%u     day of week (1..7); 1 is Monday

%U     week number of year, with Sunday as first day of week (00..53)

%V     ISO week number, with Monday as first day of week (01..53)

%w     day of week (0..6); 0 is Sunday

%W     week number of year, with Monday as first day of week (00..53)

%x     locale's date representation (e.g., 12/31/99)

%X     locale's time representation (e.g., 23:13:48)

%y     last two digits of year (00..99)

%Y     year

%z     +hhmm numeric time zone (e.g., -0400)

%:z    +hh:mm numeric time zone (e.g., -04:00)

%::z   +hh:mm:ss numeric time zone (e.g., -04:00:00)

%:::z  numeric time zone with : to necessary precision (e.g., -04, +05:30)

%Z     alphabetic time zone abbreviation (e.g., EDT)

For more details, refer man pages.

$ man date
$ man mkdir

$ man touch


If you know another trick please comment down

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